Garlic or Techspeak Allium sativum is a plant belonging to the genus allium family Amaryllidaceae and is still closely related to onions, leeks, onions and other types of onions.
Historically, garlic has been used as a spice in cooking and medicine since 7000 years ago. Garlic has a characteristic that the tubers are white and pungent aroma. The pungent aroma of garlic from 33 types of sulfur compounds contained in the tuber.
Not only contain sulfur, garlic also contains protein, fiber, vitamins A, B1, C, compound enzymes, and minerals such as calcium, copper, potassium, magnesium, iron, selenium, sinc and 200 other chemical compounds.
So what are the benefits of garlic for health? Consider the following explanation:
1. Preventing heart disease
Heart disease ranks first as a cause of death or mortality number one in the world, even the number of Americans who die of heart disease more than those who died in the second world war.
The adult heart disease suffered due to unhealthy lifestyles, consumption of unhealthy food and lack of physical activity. A study in India stated that regular garlic consumption may reduce the risk of heart disease.
The results of the study reported that they were not given a daily intake of garlic had a mortality rate two times greater than those who regularly eat garlic.
2. Treating diabetes
Diabetes is a metabolic disease that affects many people today.
Disease which is also called diabetes is characterized by insulin function weakening and loss of control of the body’s blood sugar levels. Insulin is a hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreas and controls the sugar levels in the blood due to high sugar levels in the blood can damage body tissues.
A study conducted by Ohaeri et al in 2001 reported that garlic may lower blood glucose levels significantly. Another study published by Eidi in 2006 mentioned that garlic extract may increase serum levels of insulin in the body.
Therefore it can be concluded that garlic can prevent the onset of diabetes and even compounds contained in garlic is more effective than the effect of glibenclamide which is one of the drugs consumed by diabetics.
3. Lowering blood pressure
Patients with hypertension, of course, already familiar with herbal plant bulbs this one.
Garlic has been known as a natural blood pressure-lowering drugs. Even Capraz et al, 2006 suggests that garlic is most effective herbs for therapy. A study was also carried out by Benevides et al in 2006 found that the polysulfide compounds in garlic can stimulate vasodilation or widening of the blood vessels and lower the diastolic pressure.
In addition, garlic extract can also serve as a blood thinner, or a blood thinner so it can flow smoothly without forming plaque in the arteries.
4. Strengthen the immune system
The immune system or the immune system is one of the systems in the body that works to deter and prevent disease and help the healing process during illness.
If the system works is disrupted then the body will be susceptible to disease. Garlic contains allicin, alliin, an amino acid and sulfur that can boost immunity by stimulating the formation of immune cells such as macrophages and natural killer cells.
5. Prevent HIV AIDS
As mentioned earlier that garlic contains a variety of active compounds that can boost immunity including viral infections such as HIV.
The study mentioned that garlic is usually consumed by people with AIDS in the United States and has shown positive results.
Regular consumption of garlic has been shown to increase the life expectancy of AIDS patients and reduce symptoms caused (Josling, 2001).