Elements Weather and Climate and description

Before we discuss the elements of weather and climate also became a major topic of conversation, how much better we discuss the understanding of the weather and the climate itself. What causes earthquakes perhaps we too often hear the word weather and climate also in everyday life is not it?

If we will do activities or plan an activity pasiti considered one of which is the weather. Because of the critical importance of the weather, until there is a weather forecast highly awaited report on the morning news or the quick info and also running text that is on our television screens.

Hasil gambar untuk Elements Weather and Climate and description

The weather itself is a state of the air in one place at any given moment. At any time, the weather in each place different and always changing. While climate  represents the state average weather the air for a long time ranging from 10 to 30 years. Climate is usually also covers a wider area than the weather. That understanding of weather and climate as well.

Observations on weather and climate in Indonesia conducted by the Observatory of Meteorology and Geophysics in Jakarta. Agency Meteorological Observatory and Geophysical has a duty to investigate and record the weather conditions that include air temperature, air pressure, direction angina

Observations on weather and climate in Indonesia conducted by the Observatory of Meteorology and Geophysics in Jakarta. Agency Meteorological Observatory and Geophysical has a duty to investigate and record the weather conditions that include air temperature, air pressure, direction angina

Observations on weather and climate in Indonesia conducted by the Observatory of Meteorology and Geophysics in Jakarta. Agency Meteorological Observatory and Geophysical has a duty to investigate and record the weather conditions that include air temperature, air pressure, direction angina ), wind speed, humidity, level keawanan and also the state of rainfall.

Elements Weather and Climate

After knowing the understanding of weather and climate as well, we will discuss the elements of the weather and the climate itself. Weather and climate have the same element. Why do we need to learn about the elements of weather and climate? What benefits will we get to learn the elements of weather and climate? Knowing about the elements of weather and climate also will be very useful for us, as for the benefit of agriculture, aviation, shipping, as well as for the sake of launching objects into space.

Weather and climate are also composed of the same elements. Elements of weather and climate, among others, are as follows:

  1. Irradiation and temperature

Elements of weather and climate also the first irradiation and temperature. The irradiation will certainly relate to sunlight ) that reaches the Earth. The process of the sun that illuminates the Earth is called insolation. While the result of solar radiation on the Earth, the Earth will experience a warming called radiation.

While temperatures will be in touch with the air pressure is out there somewhere. As we all know that the biggest source of radiation to the Earth is the sun . The sunlight has a very important role for the survival of life on Earth. Each hemisphere  get sunburn different between one another. Many say the least sunlight received by the Earth’s surface is determined by the following factors:

  • the state of the cloud

The state of the cloud becomes the deciding factor that is essential for sunlight to reach the Earth. The state of the cloud will be the determinant of the extent of the sunlight received by the Earth’s surface. When clouds overcast or cloudy, the majority of the sun’s heat will be absorbed by clouds, so that the surface of the Earth will not receive radiation maximum, and the temperature at the Earth’s surface will be lower than other areas that receive solar radiation maximum.

  • The state of the Earth’s surface

Then the determinants of the extent of sunlight that enters Earth’s surface is the state of the surface of the Earth itself. field of the Earth’s surface which consists of land greatly affects the absorption of sunlight. Mainland will quickly become hot when exposed to irradiation by the sun than the ocean.

  • The corner comes the sun

In addition to the state of the cloud and also the state of the Earth’s surface, the angle of arrival of the sun also affects the extent of sunlight that enters Earth’s surface. When the sun in the upright state, the incident angle of the sun will be smaller, so that the heat received by the Earth will be more and more. And when the sun is in a state of tilt, the angle of incidence sun will be even greater, as a result of solar heat received by the Earth would be even less.

  • The duration of solar radiation.

Duration of irradiation from the sun also influences the extent of the heat to be transferred to Earth. The sun is shining the longer it will provide more heat than the sun bersibar only briefly. And if the Earth’s heat received more and more, the air temperature at Earth have also increased or higher.

That causes a lot of at least some of the heat received by the Earth. Irradiation and temperature are the two things are closely related. Why? Due to irradiation by the sun the more it will cause the temperature at the Earth’s surface is increasing. Then, is there any difference between the receipt of heat from the sun by the Earth’s land surface and the oceans?

It was mentioned earlier that the plains would be faster than the oceans absorb heat. When daylight, the mainland will quickly become hot, but when night, daratanlah who will quickly become cold. Climate different circumstances certainly can be measured using a device called a termometar.

  1. Wind

Elements of weather and climate also followed was a breeze. Wind is moving air. Wind is the movement of air caused by the difference in temperature, which in turn lead to changes in air pressure until there was wind. The air pressure will rise when the temperature is low, and the air pressure will drop when the temperature is high. The wind will move from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure.

  1. Cloud

Clouds are elements of weather and climate also further. Cloud is a huge collection of dots of water or ice crystals in the atmosphere refined . Rising air over time will be cold so that the air humidity increases. When it reaches a certain height, then the air would be saturated with water and then it will turn into a cloud. When the dry season we will see clouds only a small amount, this happens because of the evaporation that occurs only a few. But when the rainy season, the clouds that we find there are many, it is katena evaporation that occurs will also aplenty,

  1. humidity

A further element of weather and climate also is the humidity. The humidity is more or less of water vapor in the air. The humidity will affect the deposition of water in the air and can also form clouds, fog, dew and rain. The humidity is somewhere can be measured by using a specific tool. an instrument used to measure the level of humidity in a place called the hydrographic sutu. The humidity itself consists of two kinds, namely relative humidity and absolute humidity.

  1. Rainfall

The last element compile weather and climate also is rainfall. Rainfall is itself a rate of rain which fell in an area. Rainfall event itself is marked by the decrease rintik- water droplets from clouds formed by the solar radiation to the water resources on Earth such as the sea or the ocean, lakes, rivers, reservoirs and so forth.

Water in water sources and it will evaporate into water vapor. When the water vapor progressively higher because of the wind, then at a certain height the water vapor will turn into a cloud. And when the cloud is getting up, then the clouds will be saturated and then release the water content as rain. Directions rain in an area can be measured using a device called obrometer.

Those are some elements of weather and climate also contained on this Earth. These elements always can we meet on this Earth, and will affect a wide variety of things on this Earth until the state of the Earth that can be felt by humans and other living creatures.

Types of Climate

Now that we know about unsir- elements of weather and climate, we should also find out about the types of climates that exist in this world. Geographic and also the location of atronomis, physiographic. Environmental and atmospheric conditions affect the climate of a region that is owned by a region. Basically, the climate is divided into two kinds, namely climate and also iiklim physical sun. Then the sun climate and physical climate will be divided into a few more that we know as the types of climate. Some types of climates in the world are as follows:

  1. climate Sun

Climate sun is one of the basic climate types. Perform basic calculations in the distribution of climate zones shifting sun is top notch and the influence on the artificial sun sunlight received by the Earth’s surface. Because the sun is always shifting between latitudes, then there was a difference in radiation at the Earth’s surface. The following is a regional breakdown based on the location of latitude climate:

  • The tropical climate , the hottest climates, tropical climates where sunlight than most other types of climate. The tropical climate is a climate that shone in areas that are in the region of 23.5 ° N to 23.5 ° S. Indonesia astronomically have astronomical layout that are in this region, so that Indonesia has a tropical climate. The most characteristic thick tropical climate has only two seasons, the rainy season and dry season. Both lasted for 6 months each in turn.
  • Sub-tropical climate , the climate is in wilyaha that have latitude lies between 23.5 ° N to 40 ° N and between 23.5 ° S to 40 ° S. Unlike tropical, sub-tropical climate less solar heat gain. Sub-tropical climate is also not only has two seasons just like a tropical climate, but it has four seasons, namely summer, autumn, winter and spring.
  • A temperate climate , a climate that is owned by the region located at a latitude between 40 ° N to 66.5 ° N and 40 ° S to 66.5 ° S. Climate is receiving less sunlight than the tropical and sub-tropical climates.
  • Polar climate , a climate which is owned by the location of the polar regions with a latitude between 66.5 ° N to 90 ° N and 66.5 ° S to 90 ° S. Polar climate is only owned by the region north pole and the south pole too. The polar climate is glacial climate around the area where there is only ice and snow everywhere. Not many creatures that can survive in this climate, only certain animals and plants.

That’s some kind of climate the sun. Of the four types of climate on top of each has its own peculiar characteristics.

  1. Physical climate

The second type of climate climate in addition to the sun is the physical climate. The physical climate is a climate which distribution is based on reality or actual conditions in a region which is caused by the influence of the natural environment. The physical climate is divided into several types, namely as follows:

  • Marine or maritime climate , a climate which is owned areas that are in the area around the sea or have a lot of sea. Ocean climate very dipengruhi by the presence of the sea breeze, so that the air temperature in the area that have this climate depends on sea conditions.
  • Landline or continental climate , sea climate is the opposite of land or climate continental climate. The climate is possessed by regions are in the region far from the sea. This climate is also affected by the existing situation on the ground.
  • Climate plateau

Then there is the climate of the plateau. as the name suggests, this climate is only possessed by regions in the highlands. Upland areas have cooler temperatures and lower air pressure. Climate highlands have cold air, as a result, not all types of plants can live in this area. only plants whose habitat in cold regions are able to live, such as tobacco, apple, strawberry and others.

  • Mountain or mountain climate

Mountain climate or climate of the mountains is climate controlled by a mountainous area. Just as the plateau climate, mountain climate also has a cold temperature and low air pressure ore. Only the mountain climate is located at a higher elevation than the plateau.

  • Season or monsoon climate , the climate is the climate next season or monsoon climate. This climate is a climate appropriate to the season. And this is one type of physical climate.

That’s some kind of climate which is divided into two kinds, namely climate sun and physical climate. The types of this climate we need to know and learn in order to gain knowledge and insights.

No related post!

Leave a reply "Elements Weather and Climate and description"